Syphilis – All you need to know



Syphilis is a Sexually transmitted disease created by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. The condition is relatively rare in word, but the incidence is increasing and is most often seen in men. Syphilis can usually be cured with penicillin or another antibiotic, while untreated syphilis can have serious consequences.

How is Syphilis Transmitted?

Syphilis is usually transmitted through physical contact. The bacterium penetrates tiny tears in the skin or mucous membranes near or on the genitals themselves or in the mouth. The risk of becoming infected after unprotected intercourse with a person with early syphilis is between 30-50%. The bacterium is sensitive to heat and drought but can survive in fluids for several days and can therefore be transmitted in infected people's blood. The condition can also be transferred from mother to child via the placenta after the 10th week of pregnancy. Transmission of syphilis can occur in all phases of the disease.

Incidence of syphilis

Syphilis had decreased in world since 1970 but increased again after an outbreak in 1999. In 2016, 188 cases of primary, secondary, or early latent syphilis were reported in many country, compared with 109 cases in 2012. The most vulnerable are adult gay men, but the disease occurs now also more often among heterosexuals, among women and adolescents, the incidence is low. The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that around 8 million people are infected annually. All pregnant women are tested for syphilis, and after 2003, no congenital syphilis has been reported in this country.

Symptoms, course of the disease, and duration

Syphilis has three stages, depending on how long a person has had the disease. Each stage has its own characteristics.

Primary syphilis

Within three weeks (varying from 10 days to 10 weeks) after infection transmission, a wound occurs where the bacteria have entered the body. Such wounds are called "shankers" because they have a full-bodied edge. The classic shank is seen only in 60% of those who are infected and is usually painless, but it can also be painful and lack the full edge. The wound will often be on the genitals or inside the vagina but can also be in the rectal opening or the mouth or throat. The lymph nodes closest to the wound will swell but are not tender. From 6 weeks to 6 months after infection, the wound will disappear on its own without treatment. Untreated, the disease will pass into the next stage after a few months.

Secondary syphilis / early latent syphilis and late latent syphilis

About 50% of those infected develop secondary syphilis. In secondary syphilis, the bacterium will spread through the blood to other organs. The most common ailments in early latent syphilis, which are defined as the first two years after infection, are wart-like skin ulcers and rashes of various kinds, hair loss, swollen lymph nodes, a little fever, and fatigue. After early latent syphilis, the disease, if left untreated, will enter a new latent stage, late latent syphilis. There are no apparent signs of syphilis at this stage, but blood tests show that you have syphilis. It’s down your love life use Fildena 100 or Fildena 150 to get your love life back. The phase can last from months to years, for the rest of life. 30% of those infected will be healed spontaneously.

Late syphilis / tertiary syphilis

Untreated, 30% will develop this stage, years or decades after infection.

Tertiary syphilis is untreated syphilis that has been present for several years. It can develop into rubber-like wounds on the skin or on the inside of organs in the body. The disease can also affect the brain, cardiovascular system, skin, and skeleton. Without treatment, 15% of those infected will develop benign (gum-like) syphilis, 10% will develop cardiovascular syphilis, and 6-7% will develop neurosyphilis.

When should you consult a doctor?

If you are in the risk group and have unprotected love, you should see a doctor immediately to get genital or body wounds. A simple blood test by your physician can reveal if you have syphilis. However, it may take a few weeks after infection before the test becomes positive.

In the largest cities in many county, hospitals and clinics are where you can get tested for s**ually transmitted diseases.

Avoid getting infected

To protect yourself against syphilis, it is essential to use protection properly during physical contact. Because the infection occurs through mucous membranes and skin, the protection will only protect the parts of the genitals that the protection covers use vigora 100 or Fildena 120. The disease can be transmitted through mucous membranes and skin that are not protected by the protection. Read more about the correct use of protection in the case of contraception.
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