How To Prepare For Class 10th Science Exam

Every year the Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE conducts 10th board exams from March to Mid-May. These two and a half months are one of the most crucial times in a student's life. During this time, they go through different states of mind including, anxiety, anxiousness, depression, pressure, etc. 


Well, these things are common to experience when these exams come near. Therefore, to prevent these situations, students must have a proper exam strategy and should be provided with correct guidance. Class 10 students must complete their Science syllabus by December end so they can get enough time for revision, practising mock test papers and other sample papers. 

In this article, we'll be highlighting the best preparation tips for the Class 10th Science exam that will help them to score a decent percentage in this subject.

Tips For Preparing CBSE Class 10 Science Exam 

Students must start their preparation with the NCERT textbook of Science. This book sticks to the CBSE curriculum and covers the entire syllabus of Science as per the board guidelines. Therefore, the Class 10 Science question paper is set from this book only. So, students must be well-versed with every concept of all the chapters. Also, they should solve questions mentioned at the end of each chapter for applying their learnt concepts. Here are some effective tips that will enable them to prepare well for their exam.

  • Understand the exam pattern along with the marking scheme 

The question paper of Class 10 Science carries 80 marks. There are 4 sections in the question paper. Here are the marks distribution and the number of questions asked in every section. 

  1. Section A- The types of questions that will be asked in this section are MCQs, assertion and reason type, very short questions, etc. There will be 20 questions and each question carries 1 mark. Students have to answer these questions in one word or sentence. 

  2. Section B- This section consists of short answer type questions. There will be 6 questions and each of them carries 2 marks. The word limit for answering these questions ranges from 30 to 50 words each. 

  3. Section C- This section consists of 7 short answer type questions II. Each question is of 3 marks. And the word limit for each answer is 50 to 80 words. 

  4. Section D- It consists of a total of 3 long answer type questions. Here, each question carries 5 marks. And the answering word limit ranges from 80 to 120 words. 

You can also start solving the Previous Year Question Paper of CBSE Class 10 Science to ensure you are thorough with the subject. 


  • Know the Class 10 Science syllabus 

While preparing for the Class 10 Science exam, it is important to know the syllabus along with the unit-wise weightage so the candidates can prepare those units first that carry more weightage. Here's the complete information about the Class 10 Science syllabus. 

  1. Unit 1 Chemical Substances- Behaviour and Nature- This unit consists of chapters like Chemical Reactions, Metals and Non-Metals, Acid, Bases and Salts, Periodic Classification of Elements, Carbon and its compounds, etc. This unit carries 25 marks. 

  2. Unit 2 World of Living- It covers topics- Life Processes, Reproduction, Heredity And Evolution and Control and Coordination in Plants And Animals. This unit is of 23 marks. 

  3. Unit 3 Natural Phenomenon- It carries 12 marks and covers topics including Light-Reflection and Refraction, The Human Eye and The Colourful World. 

  4. Unit 4 Effects of Current- The unit covers chapters- Electricity and Magnetic Effects of Electric Current. It carries a total of 13 marks. 

  5. Unit 5 Natural Resources- The unit carries 7 marks and includes chapters- Sources of Energy, Management of Natural Resources and Our Environment. 


  • Revise the syllabus

Many students might have completed the Science syllabus along with the classroom study. But they need to go through the syllabus again to keep things in their mind for a longer duration. This is a sort of revision that will help them to know their strongly and weakly prepared topics. With this strategy, they can work on their weak topics and strengthen them before exams. Also, they must practise the NCERT textbook questions once again to freshen up their concepts. 


  • Know the section-wise preparation strategy

Science subject is important not only in Class 10 but also for those students who are willing to opt this subject in Class 11 or want to pursue a career in this field. For this, they need to understand every section properly including Physics, Biology and Chemistry. 


Preparation tips for Physics

  1. In Physics, mostly application-based questions are asked. It may include concept and formula-related questions. So, students must know every single concept and formula. 

  2. Class 10 students can expect questions from chapters like Newton's law of motions and its applications. 

  3. Practise numericals on parallel and series combinations of resistance. Also, practise questions related to lenses and mirrors. 

  4. Practise diagrams of topics- lines of magnetic fields around a bar magnet or solenoid, electric circuit diagram, image formation by mirrors and lenses, DC and AC generator, glass prism, the human eye, etc. 

  5. Go through the model test papers and previous year's question papers to have an idea of the types of questions asked in this section. 


Preparation tips for Chemistry

  1. Chemistry is the highest scoring portion in the Science subject. Learn how to balance chemical equations quickly. Also, understand and memorize acids, bases and salts applications in everyday life. 

  2. Practise concepts related to salts and their compounds as every year 3 or 4 questions are asked from this section. Here, students must know the common names, chemical formulas, uses and preparation of different salts and their compounds. 

  3. Understand carbon and its compounds along with its nomenclature containing different functional groups. 

  4. Memorize electronic configuration of elements. 


Preparation tips for Biology

  1. Practise diagrams like the respiratory system, the human brain and eye, male and female reproductive organs. 

  2. Understand inheritance traits thoroughly. 

  3. Prepare and remember Mendel's experiments on your priority. 

  4. Understand reproductive organs functions and the reproduction process in animals and plants. 

  5. Draw neat and clean diagrams with proper labellings to fetch more marks in this section. 

 Hope Class 10 students will find this article useful.

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