What Disabilities necessitate the use of wheelchairs?

 


The wheelchair is one of the most common disability aids that assist people in maintaining their mobility despite the physical infirmities. Over the past 50 years, wheelchairs have evolved considerably from simple two-wheeled, manually driven devices to more sophisticated and motorized devices that use advanced technologies for automated operations.  On going through various websites related to resources for disabled adults, you can gather more information about the latest types of wheelchairs available.

The medical condition of the person primarily influences the choice of the wheelchair. At the same time, some other factors like the physical health and strength of the person using the device, the kind of lifestyle, and the budget. Selecting a suitable wheelchair depends on the complete understanding of the physical infirmity and the type of assistance the person requires that varies between individuals.  From manual to motorized wheelchairs and wheelchairs for sitting to reclining and standing, the devices can provide a variety of assistance to ensure comfortable sitting and easy maneuvering.

This article should help you choose wheelchairs by considering the disability of the person.

Spinal cord injuries

Spinal cord injuries can have debilitating effects on people that result in different types of impairment depending on the kind of spinal injury. For example, some injuries like quadriplegia can paralyze the body below the neck, including the legs and arms. However, in some exceptional cases, people might be able to move their legs and arms slightly. Another kind of injury is paraplegia that affects the lower extremities of the body that do not function. In both cases, for regaining independence and mobility, motorized wheelchairs are the best option. Moreover, standing electric wheelchairs assist users in moving to a standing position and offer many physiological and other health benefits.

Amputations

Surgical removal of any part of the limb or extremity, in full or part, such as the arm, hand, foot, leg, finger, or toe, amounts to amputation. Although there might be many reasons for amputations, physical injury, poor circulation, infection, nacreous tumor growth, and frostbite are common causes of amputation. People undergoing amputation of the lower body part would especially need the assistance of wheelchairs for mobility. However, besides using wheelchairs, there are other kinds of devices for assisting in movement. For example, prosthetics like artificial limbs are often effective in helping people maintain their mobility. But, wheelchairs are more popular among amputees who have lost the function of the lower part of the body as they can enjoy more freedom and independence in moving around. In addition, specially designed wheelchairs are more comfortable and convenient to use.

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy affects 800,000 Americans, and most of them depend on wheelchairs. Cerebral palsy is a disorder that results in brain damage during childbirth. The effects can be mild or severe, but, in any case, they affect the motor functioning and brain. The problems manifest in the form of limited muscle control, difficulty with coordination and control, problems with reflexes, and oral motor problems. For many people who have cerebral palsy, motorized wheelchairs provide the right kind of assistance in movements.

Those who have Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Multiple Sclerosis can benefit from wheelchair use.

 

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